Trabajando por su cuenta: Comparando el autoempleo dependiente y tradicional europeo con el empleo asalariado, a través de características personales, ocupacionales y de autopercepción

Trabajando por su cuenta: Comparando el autoempleo dependiente y tradicional europeo con el empleo asalariado, a través de características personales, ocupacionales y de autopercepción

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Antonio Ariza Montes
Noel M. Muñiz Rodríguez
Virginia Navajas Romero
María del Carmen López Martín


Este trabajo explora las características personales / familiares, ocupacionales y de autopercepción de los empleados asalariados frente a los autónomos para corroborar comparativamente si las ventajas del autoempleo tienen que ver con ciertas compensaciones intrínsecas, identificando las características claves que podrían definir a los europeos actuales. Autónomos dependientes. Se basa en el uso del modelo de regresión logística binaria y análisis multivariado. Los hallazgos revelan que las condiciones de trabajo de naturaleza casual son más desfavorables para los trabajadores por cuenta propia en comparación con las de los trabajadores asalariados; mientras que los trabajadores autónomos disfrutan de una mayor flexibilidad a la hora de decidir el calendario y el desarrollo / contenido de sus actividades, compensando su mayor precariedad con una considerable flexibilidad y autonomía. Los elementos de la compensación intrínseca se reducen considerablemente para los trabajadores autónomos dependientes, cuando se comparan las condiciones de trabajo. La originalidad de este trabajo, dada la falta de investigación en este campo, se basa en un examen comparativo de las características laborales de los trabajadores autónomos dependientes europeos del siglo XXI en el contexto todavía actual de la crisis económica.


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