Efecto programa de telerehabilitación sobre la salud mental y el estrés en pacientes sobrevivientes covid-19. Un estudio piloto

Efecto programa de telerehabilitación sobre la salud mental y el estrés en pacientes sobrevivientes covid-19. Un estudio piloto

Contenido principal del artículo

Héctor Brito Castillo
Giuliano Quiroz González
Leslie Ávila Contreras

Resumen

Introducción: La salud mental ha mostrado un gran aumento e impacto sobre salud pública, principalmente asociado al contexto de la pandemia, y con un mayor énfasis en los sobrevivientes post COVID-19. las tecnologías pueden ser utilizadas como soluciones actualizadas a los problemas de salud. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de un programa telerehabilitación sobre la salud mental en sobrevivientes al COVID-19. Metodología: Estudio experimental con aleatorización de grupos, que consta de 40 sujetos; los cuales tuvieron un entrenamiento durante 6 semanas, 3 veces por semana durante 40 minutos, a través de sistemas virtuales de comunicación. Para la valoración de la salud mental se ocupó la Escala de Estrés Percibido (Perceived Stress PSS-14) y el Cuestionario de Salud General de Goldberg-12, en salud general, ansiedad/depresión y funcionamiento social. Para evaluar su efecto se comparó al grupo control y experimental post-intervención usando la prueba T-Student. Resultados: La salud mental global mostró disminución de la expresión sintomática con un p<0,05; DS=1,162. De igual forma en la ansiedad y depresión, con un p<0,05; DS=1,246. En el estrés también se evidenció una disminución en los síntomas p<0,05; DS=1,186. Conclusión: Se evidencia que la telerehabilitación es una estrategia que tiene efectos positivos sobre la disminución de los síntomas de la salud mental en la población sobreviviente al COVID-19.

Citas

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