Factores asociados al intento de suicidio en atención de servicio de urgencias hospitalario

Factores asociados al intento de suicidio en atención de servicio de urgencias hospitalario

Contenido principal del artículo

Héctor Brito Castillo
José Alfaro Larena
María José Bravo Sandoval
Natalia González González
Germán Rojas Cabezas

Resumen

Objetivo: En este estudio se determinaron las asociaciones entre los principales factores de riesgo con el intento de suicidio, en sujetos que recibieron su primera atención en el servicio de urgencia hospitalario. Material y método: Este fue un estudio descriptivo, en una muestra de 797 casos atendidos en servicio de urgencias, a través de informe de autolesiones, para los años 2017-2018, se determinó la asociación entre el sexo, el tipo de método y los diagnósticos psiquiátricos con el intento de suicidio. Para las asociaciones se utilizó la prueba de Chi-Cuadrado y odds ratio [OR] para el análisis del riesgo, para la comparación de los casos por año se utilizó la prueba T de student. Resultados: Nuestros resultados mostraron la existencia de una asociación entre el intento de suicidio, sexo, grupo etario, tipo de método, diagnóstico psiquiátrico y fármaco. El riesgo al intento de suicidio aumentó en la variable depresión (OR =1,4; p<0,05), con mayor riesgo del sexo femenino (OR=1,8; p<0,05). Con respecto a la diferencia por año el intento de suicidio aumento en un 19,4 % (p = 0,000; IC95 %) del año 2017 al 2018. Conclusión: El intento de suicidio tiene una asociación significativa con el sexo femenino y con la presencia de depresión, además de ser estas últimas las que generan un mayor riesgo para el intento de suicidio

Citas

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