Use of diode laser in soft tissue. Report of 3 cases.

Use of diode laser in soft tissue. Report of 3 cases.

Main Article Content

Javier Basualdo Allende https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2369-2882
Heh Yuan Yang https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8819-9330
Nicole Molina PLacencia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0614-1045
María Isabel von Marttens Sepúlveda https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1498-4664
Diego Muñoz Millas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5005-7211
Alfredo Von Marttens Castro https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7026-9334

Abstract

There are various anatomical conditions or mucogingival alterations that can affect the normal functioning and the gingival aesthetics of teeth and dental implants. Although the treatments of these conditions have been traditionally performed with a scalpel, technological development has allowed that they can be now performed with lasers. There are different types of lasers, being the diode one of the most used due to its smaller size, portability, easy configuration, and lower cost. The laser has become more popular in soft tissue surgeries due to its multiple benefits: shorter operating time, control of bleeding and hemostasis, reduction in the amount of anesthesia, possibility of not requiring sutures, and minimization of post-surgical pain and inflammation. The purpose of this work is to present the resolution of three clinical cases which underwent labial frenectomy procedures, removal of gingival melanosis and resection of irritative fibroma using diode laser. To develop all the procedures, a 940 nm diode laser equipment (Biolase®, USA) was used with a power that varied between 2 and 2.5 W in continuous mode, using a 300 µm tip (E 3-4), which was activated before starting. After surgery, biostimulation was carried out to reduce postoperative pain and edema using the pain tip at 4 W for 30 seconds at a distance of 1 cm directly in the operated area in all cases. In all cases, the diode laser allowed a successful result. The procedure was safe, the technique was simple, and the clinical time was short. The postoperative period occurred with the absence of pain or discomfort, generating greater patient satisfaction. It should be noted that the technique depends on the skill of the professional who performs it.

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