¿Pueden los adolescentes tomar mejores decisiones? La respuesta de la Física La Física como entrenamiento de pensamiento crítico

¿Pueden los adolescentes tomar mejores decisiones? La respuesta de la Física
La Física como entrenamiento de pensamiento crítico

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Héctor Reyes Martín
Juan Manuel García González
José Antonio Mirón Canelo


Tradicionalmente, aprender Física es una tarea complicada. En el presente estudio queremos conocer si hay relación entre el aprendizaje de la Física de modo mayéutico o socrático y las funciones ejecutivas del cerebro. 69 estudiantes preuniversitarios que aprendieron Física empleando un método fundamentado en el funcionamiento del cerebro fueron comparados con un grupo que aprendió Física empleando la clase magistral, exactamente con el mismo N. Ambos grupos fueron analizados con el test de Stroop para buscar diferencias en las funciones ejecutivas, más concretamente en la inhibición de las respuestas inmediatas e intuitivas. El test-T determina que existe una diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p<0.036) en el control de la interferencia o inhibición. Estos resultados podrían indicar que esta metodología fundamentada en el funcionamiento del cerebro mejora el proceso de razonamiento de los estudiantes, puesto que sabemos que la cingulada anterior y el lóbulo frontal funcionan como un tándem en ese proceso. Los resultados del presente estudio sugieren que hay una mejora en la inhibición que está relacionada con la forma de aprender. El método propuesto parece que refuerza las funciones ejecutivas del cerebro y tal vez sería posible emplear dicho método en otras asignaturas. 


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