Contenido principal del artículo

Simón Escoffier


The Neighbourhood Recovery Programme is the first government urban regeneration programme implemented in Chilean underprivileged urban areas using deliberative processes. Through interviews with key policy makers and the revision of government documents, this article explores the cognitive metaphors by which this programme frames its local construction of sociability. In so doing, this research examines the programme’s potential to build a deep conception of local democracy. The article contributes to debates discussing the effect of the Chilean state in enhancing or curtailing civil society empowerment in politically excluded areas. It argues that this programme’s metaphors serve efficient policy implementation. However, they also reproduce top-down dynamics of institutional imposition that undermine accountability and have already been described by ethnographers in underprivileged neighbourhoods.


Arbós, X., & Giner, S. (1993). La Gobernabilidad: Ciudadanía y Democracia en la Encrucijada Mundial. México City: Siglo Veintiuno.

Arriagada, C., Sepúlveda, D., Cartier, E., & Gutiérrez, C. (2004). Chile, Un Siglo de Políticas en Vivienda y Barrio. Santiago: Pehuén Editores. Retrieved from http://www.minvu.cl/opensite_20070411164518.aspx

Ayres, S. (2017). “Assessing the Impact of Informal Governance on Political Innovation”. Public Management Review, 19(1), 90–107. http://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2016.1200665

Baiocchi, G. (2003). “Emergent Public Spheres: Talking Politics in Participatory Governance ”. American Sociological Review, 68(1), 52. http://doi.org/10.2307/3088902

Balderacchi, C. (2017). “Participatory Mechanisms in Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela: Deepening or Undermining Democracy?”. Government and Opposition, 52(1), 131–161. http://doi.org/10.1017/gov.2015.26

Brennan, D. (2017). “Considering the Public Private-Dichotomy: Hannah Arendt, Václav Havel and Victor Klemperer on the Importance of the Private”. Human Studies, 1–17.

htt p://doi.org/10.1007/s10746 - 017-9424-x

Burawoy, M. (1998). “The Extended Case Method”. Sociological Theory, 16(1), 4 – 33.

http://doi.org/10.1111/0735 -2751.00040

Bustos, M. (2006). “El Proyecto Residencial en Baja Altura Como Colonizador de la Frontera Urbana: Santiago de Chile en el Ultimo Cuarto de Siglo”. Bitacora, 10(1), 178–196.

Christiansen, T., & Piattoni, S. (2003). Informal Governance in the European Union. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Donoso, S. (2016). “When Social Movements Become a Democratizing Force: The Political Impact of the Student Movement in Chile”. Research in Social Movements, Conflict and Change, 39, 167–196. http://doi.org/10.1108/S0163-786X20160000039008

Edwards, M. (2011). “Introduction: Civil Society and the Geometry of Human Relations”. In M. Edwards (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society (pp. 3–14). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Escoffier, S. (2015). “Reclaiming the Right to the City: Popular Mobilization in Chile”. Global Dialogue, 5(1), 18–19.

Espinoza, V. (1993). “Pobladores, Participación Social y Ciudadanía: Entre los Pasajes y las Anchas Alamedas”. Proposiciones, 22, 21–53. Retrieved from http://www.sitiosur.cl/publicacionescatalogodetalle.php?PID=3093&doc=&lib=&rev=&art=&doc1=&vi-d=&autor=&coleccion=&tipo=&nunico=15000022

Forrest, R. (2009). “Who Cares about Neighbourhoods?”. International Social Science Journal, 59(191), 129–141.

Forrest, R., & Kearns, A. (2001). “Social Cohesion, Social Capital and the Neighbour-hood”. Urban Studies, 38(12), 2125–2143. http://doi.org/10.1080/00420980120087081

Frank, J. (2003). “Making Social Capital Work for Public Policy”. Horizons: Policy Research Initiative, 6(3), 3–6.

Fung, A., & Olin Wright, E. (2003). Deepening Democracy: Institutional Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance. London: Verso.

Garcés, M. (2002). Tomando su Sitio: El Movimiento de Pobladores de Santiago, 1957-1970. Santiago: LOM.

Goldfrank, B. (2011). Deepening Local Democracy in Latin America: Participation, Decen-tralization, and the Left. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Greaves, E. (2004). “Municipality and Community in Chile: Building Imagined Civic Communities and Its Impact on the Political”. Politics & Society, 32(2), 203–230. http://doi.org/10.1177/0032329204263070

Greaves, E. (2005). “Panoptic Municipalities, the Spatial Dimensions of the Political, and Passive Revolution in Post-Dictatorship Chile”. City and Community, 4(2), 189–215. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540 - 6040.2005.00111.x

Hanifan, L. J. (1916). “The Rural School Community Center”. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 67, 130–138. http://doi.org/10.1177/000271621606700118

Harriss, J., Stokke, K., & Törnquist, O. (2005). The New Local Politics of Democratisation The Political Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Central America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kearns, A., & Parkinson, M. (2001). “The Signicance of Neighbourhood”. Urban Studies, 38(12), 2103–2110. http://doi.org/10.1080/0042098012008706

Koppelman, C. (2016). “Deepening Demobilization: The State’s Transformation of Civil Society in the Poblaciones of Santiago, Chile”. Latin American Perspectives, 44(3), 46–63.

Larrañaga, O., & Rodríguez, M. E. (2015). Desigualdad de Ingresos y Pobreza en Chile 1990 a 2013. Santiago de Chile. Retrieved from http://goo.gl/Livuwc

Liamputtong, P., & Ezzy, D. (1999). Qualitative Research Methods: A Health Focus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lieberson, S. (1991). “Small N’s and Big Conclusions: An Examination of the Reasoning in Comparative Studies based on a Small Number of Cases”. Social Forces, 70(2), 307–320.

Lock, W. (2005). “Pobreza y Autoorganización en Santiago de Chile. Un Estudio Etnográfico en el Barrio José María Caro”. Revista Mexicana de Sociología, 67(1), 1–30.

MINVU. (2006). Grupos Vulnerables, Déficit Habitacional y Espacio Público. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile.

MINVU. (2008). Informe Descriptivo del Programa Quiero Mi Barrio. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile. Retrieved from http://pdba.georgetown.edu/Security/citizensecurity/chile/politicas/QuieromiBarrio.pdf

MINVU. (2009a). Déficit Urbano-Habitacional. Una Mirada Integral a la Calidad de Vida y el Hábitat Residencial en Chile. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile.

MINVU. (2009b). Manual de Recuperación de Historia del Barrio. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile. Retrieved from http://quieromibarrio.cl/index.php/historias-de-barrio-2/libros-publicados/

MINVU. (2010). II Foro Internacional de Recuperación de Barrios. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile.

MINVU. (2010). Programa de Recuperación de Barrios: Lecciones Aprendidas y Buenas Prácticas. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile.

MINVU. (2010). Recuperación de 200 Barrios: Hacia la Construcción de Tipologías. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, Gobierno de Chile.

Mouffe, C. (1992). “Citizenship and Political Identity”. The Identity in Question, 61, 28–32.

Oxhorn, P. (2003). “Social inequality, civil society and the limits of citizenship in Latin America”. In S. E. Eckstein & Timothy Wickham-Crowle (Eds.), What Justice? Whose Justice?: Fighting for Fairness in Latin America (University). London. Retrieved from http://www.ied.edu.hk/wals/website/resources/wals07/parallel/070-1.pdf

Paley, J. (2001). Marketing Democracy: Power and Social Movements in Post-dictatorship Chile. London: University of California Press.

Paley, J. (2004). “Accountable Democracy: Citizens’ Impact on Public Decision Making in Post-dictatorship Chile”. American Ethnologist, 31(4), 497–513.

Pérez, M. (2017). “‘A New Poblador Is Being Born’: Housing Struggles in a Gentrified Area of Santiago”. Latin American Perspectives, 44(3), 28–45. http://doi.org/10.1177/0094582X16668318

Petras, J., & Veltmeyer, H. (2006). “Social Movements and the State: Political Power Dynamics in Latin America”. Critical Sociology, 32(1), 83 –104. http://doi.org/10.1163/156916306776150278

Plumm, K., Borhart, H., & Weatherly, J. (2012). “Choose your Words Wisely: Delay Discounting of Differently Titled Social Policy Issues”. Behavior and Social Issues, 21, 26–48. http://doi.org/10.5210/bsi.v21i0.3823

Putnam, R. (1994). Making Democracy Work, Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Rivera, Á. (2012). “Historia de la Política Habitacional en el Área Metropolitana de Santiago”. Revista CIS, 16(16), 27– 44.

Roberts, K. M. (1998). Deepening Democracy?: The Modern Left and Social Movements in Chile and Peru. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press

Saborido, M. (2005). El Programa Chile Barrio: Lecciones y Desafíos para la Superación de la Pobreza y la Precariedad Habitacional. Santiago de Chile. Retrieved from http://www.cepal.org/es/publicaciones/el-programa-chile-barrio-lecciones-y-desafios-pa-ra-la-superacion-de-la-pobreza-y-la

SEREMI Metroplitana de Vivienda y Urbanismo, & Observatorio Social UAH. (2008). Recuperando Barrios de Santiago. Santiago de Chile: Secretaría Regional ministerial Metropolitana de Vivienda y Urbanismo y Observatorio Social Universidad Alberto Hurtado. Retrieved from http://quieromibarrio.cl/index.php/historias-de-barrio-2/libros-publicados/

Shapiro, M. J. (1997). “Bowling Blind: Post Liberal Civil Society and the Worlds of Neo-Tocquevillean Social Theory”. Theory and Event, 1(1), 1–34.

Sims Bartel, A. (2015). “Why the Humanities Are Necessary to Public Policy , and How Why the Humanities Are Necessary to Public Policy , and How”. Maine Policy Review, 24(1), 117–122.

Somma, N. M., & Bargsted, M. A. (2015). “La Autonomización de la Protesta en Chile”. In C. Cox & J. C. Castillo (Eds.), Socialización Política y Experiencia Escolar: Aportes para la Formación Ciudadana en Chile. Santiago de Chile: Ediciones UC.

Sugranyes, A., & Rodríguez, A. (2005). Los Con Techo: Un Desafío para la Política de Vivienda Social. Santiago de Chile: SUR.

The World Bank. (2011). Data on Poverty in Chile. Retrieved 6 July 2017, from http://data.worldbank.org/topic/poverty?locations=CL

Thibodeau, P., & Boroditsky, L. (2011). “Metaphors We Think With: The Role of Metaphor in Reasoning”. PLoS ONE, 6(2), e16782. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016782

Thibodeau, P., & Boroditsky, L. (2013). “Natural Language Metaphors Covertly Influence Reasoning”. PLoS ONE, 8(1). http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052961

Tironi, M. (2003). Nueva Pobreza Urbana, Vivienda y Capital Social en Santiago de Chile,1985-2001. Santiago: Predes Editores.

UNDP. (2015). Desarrollo Humano en Chile: Los Tiempos de la Politización. Santiago de Chile: United Nations. Retrieved from http://www.cl.undp.org/content/chile/es/home/library/human_development/los-tiempos-de-la-politizacion.html